In practice, using cryptocurrencies without identity means that the costs of identification are externalized to third-parties and, worse yet, repeated and incurred multiple times: KYC/AML to access online exchanges and/or for ICO participation (the cost of a check ranges from £10 to £100 for a manual identification and from £6 to £30 for an online identification). The need for anonymity is only a corner case even in cryptocurrencies specifically designed for anonymity: in Zcash, fully shielded transactions represent 1.5% of all transactions and 5% of all value.
Many countries are already banning cryptocurrency transactions without identity:
- China (Proposed Regulations for Identity on Blockchains)
- Russia (About Digital Financial Assets)
- South Korea (Ban of Anonymous Cryptocurrency Trading)
- Japan (Japan’s Financial Regulator Is Pushing Crypto Exchanges To Drop ‘Altcoins’ Favored By Criminals)
- France (Ban of Anonymous Cryptocurrency)
- Texas (Proposed Bill Requiring Identity Verification)
- the “travel rule” of the FAFT regulations
- the strict Know-Your-Customer (KYC) requirements of the European Union’s AMLD5 directive
This trend will only continue in the future as cryptocurrency usage keeps increasing.
We offer the first cryptocurrency where only real-world cryptographic identities can be used (e.g., National Identity Cards and/or ePassports) lowering the costs of identification for all parties involved and increasing the acceptance by merchants in real-world scenarios.
Holding pro-law cryptocurrency is the only safe bet.